Mengenal Perintah (Command) pada Menjalankan Putty
- How to find out where you are, the pwd command shows you present working directory.
- Change directory
The cd command is used to navigate into a specified directory on your server.
Example: cd /home (moves you into the home folder)
- The same directory
Using this command you will remain in the same directory you were.
- Move me up one directory
Above command will navigate two steps back from current directory
- Go to the previous directory
Above command will navigate to the previous directory.
- Go to Home folder
Above command will navigate to the home directory on your server.
- Go to root
Above command will navigate to root.
How to List Directories and Contents
8) List files
usage: ls [option] [file]
Using the ls command in a folder will display all it’s content.
Example: ls /home.
Will return all content of the folder /home.
- Show me all files in a directory
10) Show contents with file size
If you wish to see a directory’s contents with file sizes just type ls -h
- How to see sub-directories recursively
The ls -r command is used to see sub-directories recursively.
- How to see files by file size
13) List all folders in directory with details
How to Copy files/folders with Putty Commands
14) Copying a file
To copy a file just use the cp ssh command.
cp filename.php /home/filename.php
- Copy a folder with all files
This one is used to copy the entire folder with all it’s contents.
- Copy and rename
cp filename.php /home/filename2.php
How to Move files to different locations
17) Moving a file
Example: mv page.php /home/page.php
- Move and rename
mv page.php /home/newpage.php
19) Move file up one directory
mv filename ..
example: mv index.html/ ..
How to Create files/folders using Putty Commands
20) Create a folder
example: mkdir new-folder
- Create a file
Use the touch command to create different files and file extensions
Example: touch index.php
How to Compress/Uncompress files?
22) Compressing folders
zip -r foldername.zip foldername
Example: zip -r newfolder.zip newfolder
- uncompressing folders
Example: unzip newfolder.zip
- Compressing folders using tar -czvf
tar -czvf foldername.tar.gz foldername
Example: tar -czvf wp-content.tar.gz wp-content
- uncompressing folders using tar -czvf
tar -xvf foldername.tar.gz
Example: tar -xvf wp-content.tar.gz
How to Delete/Remove files?
26) Delete a file
To delete a file on your server just use the rm command.
Example: rm index.php
- Delete all files from a directory
This command is used to delete all contents from a directory.
Example: rm * foldername
- Delete a folder/directory
Use this command to remove directories.
How to change File permissions?
29) Change file permissions
Example: chmod 775 newfolder
- Change permissions of folder and all files inside
chmod 755 folder name -R
Thanks for reading our article and we will keep updating the same articles with more useful commands in coming days. Keep checking this space for more Putty commands.